Know the secrets and mythologies that are hidden behind the Gods who reigned in Egypt
Today we will present some of these spiritual entities, and learn how they influenced the rise of an empire full of mystery, what was the power that each of these Gods had and how they were seen by the people.
Sobek: In Egyptian civilization, many were reptile worshipers, which is why figures with crocodile heads can be found carved on the walls of temples. Such is the case of the God Sobek, an ancient Egyptian deity who offered protection against the dangers of the Nile.
This figure is originally recognized as the real creator of the river and perhaps even the world. It is mainly associated with fertility and military power. The Pharaohs thought that by mummifying the crocodiles that came out of the Nile, they could get Sobek’s blessing, and thus stay strong in wartime, the place where most artistic drawings can be found is in the temple of Abu Simbel.
Thot: He was recognized as the wise Lord of the sacred word, it was believed that the power of this figure was directed by the energy of the moon, was meticulous and calm, very conciliatory and demanding with education and protocols. Thoth was later referred to as the designer of the universe itself, while also being recognized as the mediator between good and evil,
Thot also maintained education in Egypt, taught the importance of writing and communicating through drawings to leave legacies, is identified by having the head of a hawk, representing the power of the moon, and hope in the face of war.
Geb: Also called the God of the Earth, Geb was the father of snakes and the creator of earthquakes. He also gave life to the Nile and filled its edges with vegetation, even though it represented life and fertility on earth, he also did so underneath it, so he was appointed as the watchman of the judgment hall. Earthquakes and other earthworks are attributed to this God.
Seth: Known as the lord of the desert, creator of sandstorms, he was recognized as one of the most violent and uncontrollable gods, represented by chaos and brute force destroying everything in his path, in fact he dismembered his own brother Osiris as a result of a fight for the conquest of the desert, later he tried to kill Horus, who only managed to remove one eye.
Despite being considered the antithesis of Osiris, many of his actions are due more to his abnormal strength and character than to his evil. Because of the hostility of the desert, Seth was extremely powerful, so he was considered a chief deity.
Horus: He was the God of heaven, but he was also mixed up with war and hunting, usually known as the initiator of Egyptian society. As the solar god, Horus defended the boat of Ra with the help of Seth, against the great serpent Apep. He is also the protector of Osiris in the Egyptian underworld or Duat. During the trial of Osiris, according to the Book of the Dead, he is the mediator between the deceased and Osiris.
Isis: Known as the queen of gods, motherhood and the birth of life, Isis took long and painful walks through Egypt to recover the body of Osiris, her husband murdered by Seth, who in his endless evil, cut the body and spread it throughout the kingdom. Isis, in the company of her twin sister Nephtis, managed to find all the pieces and rebuilt Osiris with the help of Anubis and Nephtis, and impregnated with it conceived Horus, who would later avenge his father.
The figure of Isis today is the representation of life, therefore, it is a gift usually given by people who expect prosperity for farms and animal shelters.
Anubis: This Egyptian God has many references in the history of Egyptian mythology. Its name dates back to the Ancient Kingdom, approximately 2600 B.C.,. Anubis usually appears with a canine head and decides whether or not the dead could reach the underworld. He was known as the God of death and life after death, chief embalmer and guardian of Necropolis.
Anubis is considered the illegitimate son of Seth, fathered by Nephthys. Seth decides to kill him when he learns of his birth, but Nephthys will give the child to Isis, who protects and raises him. When a person died, he was sent to a room in the underworld in front of a panel of judges, who waited for the presence of Anubis to determine if he was sent to hell, the God proceeded to weigh his heart to know if he could have full life after death.
Ra: With a huge Eagle head, this God was recognized as the ultimate God, father of all, guardian of the sun and the underworld, death and resurrection. Ra was taken by the Fifth Dynasty to the Valley of the Kings, in Egyptian art, and is a popular figure today by Steven Spielberg’s film “Raiders of the Lost Ark”.
Osiris: He is known as the god of life, he was the beloved king of all lands, for this reason he began to be persecuted and sent by his own brother, Seth killed him and believed that in this way his love and desert lands would be kept by him, he was resurrected by Isis with the help of Anubis, he had a son with the queen of God, called Horus.
The pharaohs after his death were very surprised, so they decided to name him guardian of the guides to the underworld, as he had passed through death and returned. Osiris ended the practice of cannibalism, and made Egypt a prosperous place for agriculture and full life.
Amon-Ra: The lord of creation and the origin of the universe was an invisible deity that the Greeks associated with Zeus himself. He had a dominant presence over the daily life of the Egyptians, providing a sense of calm and personal stability for their earthly world. The god Amon-Ra represents power and wisdom, in addition to being worshipped by all the pharaohs.