What is a Mummy
Thousands of years ago, people around the world practiced mummification as a way of preserving and honoring death. Mummies bring you face to face with some of these ancient entities and reveal how scientists are using modern technology to gather stunning details about them and their cultures. Even better, new imaging technologies allow investigators to respectfully see inside these mummies and study their DNA.
Mummification was practiced by many cultures as Peru, beginning more than 7,000 years ago. Peru is also the place where Nazca Mummy was found as an example of alien life on earth. What marks the desiccated bodies out as ‘aliens’ is the apparent three-fingered hands they possess, extended heads as well as, three-toed feet. The experts explained that radiocarbon-dating shows one of the mummies is 1700 years old, they also describe the white powder covering the alien body as a symbol of advanced technology: it is cadmium chloride and its antibacterial effect help preserved the body in good conditions.
Likewise, Kap Dwa is a two-headed, 3.5-meter-tall giant that comes from Patagonia. It is one of the greatest mummies found because Kap Dwa’s story is beyond captivating and most people find it hard to believe. The question with the ‘two heads’ can be described as ‘conjoined twins’ are not that unusual. It is a disorder called dicephalic parapagus, in which the twins will seem to have one body and two heads. Similarly, is possible that his uncommon stature was due to the condition is known as gigantism.
Kap Dwa’s body was allegedly examined by physicians in the 1960’s who alleged that it showed no noticeable signs of being false. No additional experts seem to examine the body either to determine if it is genuine or if it had the internal anatomic requirements to be likely to survive as a set of dicephalic parapagus twins with gigantism condition.
Other rare mummy, is known as Ata ‘Alien’ because it had a cone-shaped head and small stature. The skeleton was found in Chile in 2003. It is until 2008, after a deep genomic analysis, a scientist in California, have pinpointed the mutations responsible for the bizarre specimen. Actually, a DNA research of the bones shows the remains are human and belonged to a baby girl who had dwarfism.
Genetic tests at the University of California, San Francisco and Stanford University have proven beyond argument that the bones were that of a human female that died 40 years ago. It was originally thought to be a child around 6 to 8 years old, but researchers now trust it was a fetus or a child that died shortly after birth. The investigators found mutations in not one but several genes known to govern bone development, some of which have never been defined before.
Finally, Sanchita Bhattacharya, an investigator at UCSF explained she found 64 gene variants in ‘Ata’s DNA that seemed likely to be destructive. She found that ten of the variations were linked to skeletal complications including short stature and eleven pairs of ribs. Another gene variation includes difficulties with producing collagen, used in cartilage, and genes linked to the curvature of the spine identified as scoliosis.